1975, Arizona; 1976, U.S. District Court, District of Arizona; and U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit; 1983, U.S. Tax Court, U.S. Claims Court and U.S. Supreme Court; 2002, Colorado
University of Arizona, J.D., 1975
Law School Graduation Year
Arizona State University, B.S., summa cum laude, 1971; University of Arizona, M.A., 1972
Maricopa County and American Bar Associations; State Bar of Arizona.
Certified Specialist in Criminal Law, State Bar Committee on Legal Specialization, 1982-1984. Certified Financial Planner, Arizona, 1984-1990.