While most people have heard of divorce mediation, far fewer are aware that mediation can also be extremely helpful in discussing difficult issues that arise with respect to elder parents and their adult children.
There are many concerns that need to be addressed as a parent ages. These concerns may focus on:
- Housing and living arrangements
- Need for additional caregiving
- Need for financial help
- Quality of life
- Healthcare decisions
- Estate planning
Mediation provides an excellent forum to bring the family members together to discuss these issues and reach pragmatic solutions. It’s important to have all of the stakeholders be part of this conversation. Stakeholders would include the elder parent, if at all possible, as well as all siblings and other family members who want to be involved.
Convening the family group is one of the biggest challenges for the eldercare mediator. Because of the size of the group (frequently anywhere from three to ten people), it is especially important that the mediator create a clear structure and process.
I’ve found the best way to do this is to speak separately with the elder parent and each of the siblings/participants before the mediation in pre-conference sessions either by phone or in person. This enables me to identify the issues and concerns of the various participants and to better structure our group sessions. While ideally all participants can be physically present during the mediation sessions, that is not always possible; phone conferencing or Skype can be used for those who are not able to attend in person.
Another major challenge is dealing with the existing family dynamics within the group. Family members come to these discussions with a long history of interactions that date back to when the siblings were young children. There may be animosities or deeply ingrained patterns of behavior that can get in the way of productive discussions.
In the midst of these family dynamics, it’s my job as the mediator to create a structure that continues to move the discussions forward by helping the participants identify options and then concrete solutions that work for their family group. Clearly no small task – but one that my training, skills, experience – plus a little bit of luck – help me accomplish!
Susan Ingram Mediation & Coaching